What are the side effects of creatine supplements?

Can Creatine supplements be harmful?

Creatine is possibly safe when taken long-term. Doses up to 10 grams daily for up to 5 years have been safely used. Side effects might include dehydration, upset stomach, and muscle cramps.

What happens when I stop taking creatine?

While you are supplementing with creatine, your total serum creatine levels and the amount of creatine stored in your muscles increase. When you stop taking creatine, these levels drop, which might cause some ​side effects​, including fatigue, muscle weakness, weight loss and decreased natural creatine production.

Is creatine worth using?

Although many reports have been inconclusive, on balance, the data suggest that creatine loading can improve performance in high-intensity exercise lasting less than 30 s. Studies reporting creatine benefits for resistance training exercise are more consistent in demonstrating positive effects.

Who should not take creatine?

Creatine isn’t recommended for people with kidney or liver disease, or diabetes. Others who should avoid taking it are children under age 18 and women who are pregnant or nursing.

How long should I take creatine for?

To maximize creatine muscle stores quickly, a loading phase of 20 grams daily for 5–7 days is recommended, followed by a maintenance dose of 2–10 grams per day. Another approach is 3 grams daily for 28 days.

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How much water should you drink with creatine?

As previously mentioned, 6-8 cups of water are the average drinking amount when out of training. However, when supplementing with creatine, you should drink an additional 8-10 cups of water daily, or slightly more, depending on your exercise regimen.

What are the pros and cons of using creatine?

With over 500 research studies, creatine monohydrate has proven to enhance power and strength amongst high-intensity training. Yet despite the pros, there are a few cons such as water retention, bloating, poor bioavailability, and loading associated with creatine supplementation.

Who needs creatine?

Creatine is effective for both short- and long-term muscle growth ( 25 ). It assists many different people, including sedentary individuals, older adults and elite athletes ( 17 , 25 , 26 , 27 ).

How does creatine affect the brain?

The study shows that increased creatine intake results in improved brain function, similar to effects shown previously in muscle and heart. The results agree with previous observations showing that brain creatine levels correlate with improved recognition memory and reduce mental fatigue.

Can creatine cause mood swings?

5. Mood and anxiety. Negative changes in mood or anxiety following supplementation with creatine have been documented in two human trials (Roitman et al., 2007; Volek et al., 2000) and one animal experiment (Allen et al., 2010).